There is often confusion among candle makers
when discussing candles that they have seen. I have put this
glossary of candle types together to help us all have a common
language. The following is in alphabetical order.
Applique - These
are made by applying items to the outer surface of a candle.
There are many possibilities for this technique, such as 3D
Applique, Cookie Cutter Applique, and Sculpted Applique.
Balloon - Candles
formed by dipping a water filled balloon in hot wax.
Cake - Generally
applies to candles that have been covered with whipped wax to
give them a frosted look.
Chunk - Candles
made with chunks of colored wax inside. Chunks may be cubed,
irregular or shaped.
Container - A
candle that is made in any type of container that is part of the
finished candle (jars, tins, pots, etc...)
Cut n Carve -
Also called Cut and Curl. These are dipped, then cut and formed
while still soft.
Fire Starters -
Although not candles, these are made with paraffin wax.
Candles designed to float in water.
Gel - Candles
that resemble gelatin in substance. These are made with "gel" -
not wax. There is no additive that can be added to paraffin to
make this stuff. Very little information is available as of this
writing on these.
Usually refers to a candle with embedded objects around the
outside. May be dangerous if made with flammable objects.
Hurricane Shell -
A hollow wax shell (with or without embedded objects) that a
candle is placed inside of.
Ice - Lacy
looking candles formed by adding ice to the mold.
Layered - Candles
poured with two or more layers of wax (usually of different
Money - Candles
that have money placed in them.
Typically refers to oil mottling which appears as small
snowflakes in the wax.
Rustic - This
term is used so broadly as to be useless. Everyone seems to have
a different idea as to what rustic candles look like, so it is
better just to offer a detailed description.
Sand - A candle
molded in wet sand.
Snow - Similar
process to sand candles, except molded in snow.
Taper - Tall
narrow candles generally used at the dinner table. Typically
hand dipped, these can also be molded.
Trinket - Candles
that contain charms, stones, jewelry, or other small items.
Water - Candles
made by forming the wax with water. There are many variations
Wax Art - Candles
made with precolored wax granules in a manner similar to sand
art. More information available on Wax Art Candles.