Candle Making Terms
There is often confusion among candle
makers when discussing various topics. I have put this
glossary together to help us all have a common language. The
following is in alphabetical order.
Anything added to the wax. These would include Stearic,
Vybar, Polythenes, etc... Although technically additives,
colorants and scents are not normally included in this
category when discussing candles.
The process of applying an item to a finished candle. Also
used to describe the actual item to be applied.
Beeswax - A
natural wax derived from honey bee hives.
- See stuttering.
Anything used to pour a candle in that is to be used as an
integral part of the candle (as opposed to a mold which the
candle is removed from before use).
Core - The
central portion of a candle.
- This is basically a smaller pot placed inside a larger pot
which contains water.
Colorants that are oil soluble. Used for core coloring.
Abbreviation for essential oil.
- Natural extracts of plant matter. Most of these are
difficult to use in candles.
Abbreviation for fragrance oil.
- A synthetic or synthetic / natural blend of oil. There are
many different types, and those designed specifically for
candles work best. Typical usage is 1 ounce per pound for a
heavily scented candle.
The process of pouring 2 or more layers of colored wax.
Melt Point -
The melting point of the wax. It is important to remember
that waxes with the same melt point do not necessarily have
the same properties. The actual properties will vary from
supplier to supplier. This is distinctly different from
Melt Pool -
The liquid wax that forms when burning a candle.
The appearance of "snowflakes" in the wax.
Abbreviation for melt point.
Dipping a core in wax to add color, or other effects.
The most common candle making wax. Refined from petroleum.
Pigment - Non
soluble colorants. These consist of colored particles that
suspend in the wax (much like paint does). Used only for
overdipping. Use in the core may clog the wick.
- The temperature the candle is poured at. This has little
to do with melt point and is generally determined by the
type of mold or effect desired.
Scent Oil -
Term used interchangeably with Fragrance oil.
Caused by pouring too cool. The wax alternately flows and
cools going up sides of mold or container. This manifests
itself as horizontal lines and bubbles in the finished
Wax Formula -
The combined mixture used for candle making. This includes
the wax(s), additives, dyes, and fragrances.
Whipped Wax -
Wax that has been whipped with an egg beater or blender to
make it fluffy.